Sample DescriptionDiabetes is a disease in which blood glucose (or sugar) levels are too high. When we eat food, most of it is turned into glucose which our bodies use for energy. Just like a car uses gasoline for energy, our bodies use glucose. In order for our bodies to use glucose for energy the pancreas must release a hormone called insulin. Insulin allows glucose to move into our cells and be used. With diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin and/or the insulin being produced is not being used by the body properly. In either case the end result is high blood sugar or diabetes. Individuals with Type 1diabetes have a pancreas that does not produce any insulin, so they must take insulin injections every day.
No, all forms of diabetes are serious. Diabetes can lead to serious complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and amputations. However, if diabetes is controlled, complications can be reduced or avoided.
There are 7 self-care behaviors for good diabetes management: Healthy eating Being active Monitoring/self-testing Taking medications Problem solving Reducing risks Healthy coping The Diabetes Association of Atlanta offers Diabetes Self Management Education classes that cover the 7 self-care behaviors for diabetes management and much more!
Gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy, usually after the 24th week. It is tested using an oral glucose tolerance test around 24 – 28 weeks of pregnancy, but some may be tested earlier. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the delivery, but according to the National Diabetes Education Program, women who have had gestational diabetes have a 35 to 60 percent chance of developing Type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years. Additionally, children born to mothers with gestational diabetes may have an increased risk for conditions such as obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life.
No, diabetes can be prevented or delayed by making healthy lifestyle changes including: Weight loss, if you are overweight Improving nutrition Increasing physical activity
Yes, and there are several possible reasons. First, the threshold for diagnosing diabetes was lowered in 1997 by the American Diabetes Association. This was done because research showed that having an even slightly elevated blood sugar can cause damage to both small and large blood vessels. Second, our lifestyles have changed dramatically over the past twenty to thirty years. We are eating larger portions and more processed foods. Also, many Americans do very little physical activity. As a result, there are more overweight and obese people. Being overweight/obese is a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes.
No, people with diabetes should not avoid carbohydrates. Foods containing carbohydrates including starches, fruits, milk and yogurt are part of a healthy meal plan for people with diabetes. These types of foods provide the body with vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Portion control with foods containing carbohydrates is important for people with diabetes because if eaten in large amounts, they can raise the blood sugar above target ranges.